On November 12, 2015, the European Commission submitted to the United States its Official Proposal for the establishment of an “investment court system” in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) currently under negotiation. The Proposal provides for a two-tiered Tribunal to hear investor-state disputes, consisting of a Tribunal of First Instance and an Appeal Tribunal. For TTIP, the Tribunal is composed of twenty-one members, who are appointed by the European Union and the U.S.
Western and Central Europe
An agreement (agreement or SNCF agreement) between France and the United States to establish a compensation fund for those Holocaust victims deported from France who were excluded from other French compensation programs entered into force on November 1, 2015. The deadline for filing claims for payments from the fund is May 31, 2016.