International Law in Brief


International Law in Brief (ILIB) is a forum that provides updates on current developments in international law from the editors of ASIL's International Legal Materials.
| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : September 19, 2022 |

On September 15, 2022, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC or the Committee) issued its decision in the above case brought by the Legal and Human Rights Centre for Reproductive Rights (the Centre) against Tanzania on behalf of Tanzanian girls. The Committee’s mandate is derived from the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, adopted on July 11, 1990, and in force on November 29, 1999. As reported by JURIST, the Centre’s suit against Tanzania centered on the state’s policy of expelling pregnant girls from school. To implement this...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : September 19, 2022 |

As of September 16, 2022, the Russian Federation is no longer a High Contracting Party to the European Convention on Human Rights. As explained in the European Court of Human Rights resolution passed on March 22 of this year, though Russia is no longer a party to the Court, “[t]he Court remains competent to deal with applications directed against the Russian Federation in relation to acts or omissions capable of constituting a violation of the Convention provided that they occurred until 16 September 2022.” This follows the cessation of Russia's membership in the Council of Europe on March...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : September 06, 2022 |

On September 2, Germany became the fifth state to file a declaration of intervention in the case concerning Allegations of Genocide under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Ukraine v. Russian Federation). In its declaration, Germany stated that the case "raises important issues concerning the Genocide Convention," which "impose[s] erga omnes partes obligations on Contracting Parties." Declarations of intervention have also been filed by Latvia, Lithuania, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : August 01, 2022 |

On Thursday, July 28, the U.N. General Assembly adopted (161 votes in favor and 8 abstentions) a resolution declaring that access to a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment is a universal human right. U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres referred to this development as "historic" and stated that "[t]he resolution will help reduce environmental injustices, close protection gaps and empower people, especially those that are in vulnerable situations...." According to a U.N. press release, UN High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet supported the resolution but noted that "simply affirming...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : July 22, 2022 |

On Friday, July 22, 2022, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered its Judgment on the preliminary objections raised by Myanmar in the case concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (The Gambia v. Myanmar). Myanmar raised four preliminary objections regarding the Court’s jurisdiction over the case and the admissibility of the case.

With regard the first preliminary objection, Myanmar argued that the Court lacks jurisdiction, or alternatively the application is inadmissible, as the real applicant in these proceedings...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : July 08, 2022 |

On July 6, 2022, the UK Supreme Court ruled that diplomats cannot evade Modern Slavery Act allegations by invoking diplomatic immunity. The case was filed by Ms. Josephine Wong who argued that Saudi diplomat Khalid Basfar forced her to work in his home for his family under abusive conditions. Basfar sought to oppose the suit by invoking diplomatic immunity under Article 31 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. Wong was successful at the employment tribunal, but Basfar successfully appealed. Wong was then given leave to file an appeal with the Supreme Court, which held in Ms....


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : June 21, 2022 |

On June 17, 2022, at the twelfth session of the WTO Ministerial Conference held in Geneva, the Ministerial Conference agreed on an intellectual property waiver for COVID-19 vaccines that will allow member countries to produce and distribute vaccines “without the consent of the right holder to the extent necessary to address the COVID-19 pandemic.” States may “authorize the use of the subject matter of a patent under Article 31 [of TRIPS] without the right holder’s consent through any instrument available in the law of the Member such as executive orders, emergency decrees, government use...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : June 17, 2022 |

On June 13, the European Court of Human Rights granted an urgent interim measure that has halted deportations from the UK to Rwanda under the recently-agreed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for three weeks. The case before the Court involved an Iraqi national who claimed asylum in the UK when he arrived on May 17. The UK provided him with notice that his application was inadmissible and that he would be removed to Rwanda on June 14. The High Court of England and Wales denied his request for interim relief to stop his removal to Rwanda, reasoning that if the Court later allowed the...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : June 13, 2022 |

On June 13, 2022, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its judgment in ZF Automotive U.S. Inc. et al. v. Luxshare, Ltd.,  two consolidated cases originating from the Sixth Circuit and involving arbitration proceedings abroad. In both of the cases, a foreign party sought discovery in the U.S. under 28 U.S.C. 1782(a), which allows federal district courts to order discovery of evidence "for use in a proceedings in a foreign or international tribunal." The main issue in these cases was whether arbitration qualified as a "foreign or international tribunal" under the statute and, in both cases...


| By: Justine N. Stefanelli : May 25, 2022 |

On May 25, 2022, the U.S. Department of State announced the creation of the Atrocity Crimes Advisory Group (ACA) for Ukraine. Established jointly by the United States, European Union, and United Kingdom, the ACA is "aimed at ensuring efficient coordination of [the partners'] respective support to accountability efforts on the ground" in Ukraine. More broadly, it will support the work of the War Crimes Unit of the Office of the Prosecutor General (OPG) of Ukraine in its work. The ACA will also "provide strategic advice and operational assistance to OPG specialists and other stakeholders in...