International Law in Brief


International Law in Brief (ILIB) is forum that provides updates on current developments in international law from the editors of ASIL's International Legal Materials.
| By: Caitlin Behles : September 28, 2017 |

On September 20, 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled in Giorgio Fidenato and Others that EU member states and the European Commission may not adopt emergency measures regarding a genetically modified product where it is not clear that the product is likely to constitute a serious health or environmental risk. The case concerns the Italian government’s request to the European Commission to implement emergency measures prohibiting the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in light of two new scientific studies on the matter. The Commission determined...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 22, 2017 |

On September 12, 2017, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) released a report titled “Measures Aimed at Reducing the Use of Pretrial Detention.” The press release notes that “the arbitrary and illegal use of pretrial detention is a chronic problem in the region” and “is one of the most serious and widespread problems facing member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) in regard to the respect for and guarantee of the rights of persons deprived of liberty.” The purpose of the report is to follow up on a 2013 report on pretrial detention, to analyze the gains...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 22, 2017 |

On September 12, 2017, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) passed a resolution on “Human Rights and the Fight Against Impunity and Corruption.” The press release notes that the IACHR decided to issue the resolution to highlight the fight against impunity and corruption and their links to human rights, as well Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales’s expulsion of Iván Velásquez, the head of the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (ICIG), from the state. The IACHR states in the resolution that “the establishment of effective mechanisms to eradicate corruption...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 22, 2017 |

On September 11, 2017, the International Law Commission (ILC) released its 2017 Report, which summarizes the work of the ILC at its sixty-ninth session. The ILC notes that the report “includes information concerning the organization of the session, the progress of work and the future work of the Commission on the topics given substantive consideration during the session, the texts of draft articles and commentaries adopted by the Commission during the session, any procedural recommendations of the Commission calling for a decision on the part of the General Assembly as well as other...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 22, 2017 |

On September 11, 2017, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 2375, imposing new sanctions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and condemning Pyongyang’s nuclear test on September 2. The Council stated that test was conducted “in flagrant disregard” of the Security Council’s resolutions, and it reaffirmed that the DPRK must “not conduct any further launches that use ballistic missile technology, nuclear tests, or any other provocation.” The sanctions include bans on natural gas sales, textile exports, as well as limits on refined petroleum and crude oil. The Council also...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 08, 2017 |

On September 6, 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union dismissed complaints in Slovakia and Hungary v. Council brought by the two states against provisional measures that required the mandatory relocation of asylum seekers in Italy and Greece. The press release states that the Council of the European Union adopted a decision in 2015 that provides for the relocation of asylum seekers from Italy and Greece to other EU member states, which Slovakia and Hungary argued was done through a faulty procedural process and was neither necessary nor suitable for addressing the...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 08, 2017 |

On September 6, 2017, the Human Rights Council released a report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic. The Commission stated it its report that violence throughout Syria continues in violation of international humanitarian and human rights law and that it is primarily affecting civilian populations. The report notes that “warring parties continued to lay sieges and instrumentalized humanitarian aid in order to erode the viability of civilian support bases and compel surrender.” The Commission also found that terrorist and armed groups had “...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 08, 2017 |

On September 5, 2017, the World Trade Organization (WTO) appellate body issued its report on “European Union — Anti-Dumping Measures on Imports of Certain Fatty Alcohols from Indonesia,” upholding most of a previous report from December 2016 that found that the European Union had been largely within its rights to impose anti-dumping duties on Indonesian fatty alcohols. The appellate body also upheld prior findings that “EU authorities had failed to make available or disclose the results of their on-the-spot investigations” as part of their anti-dumping investigation, and had therefore...


| By: Caitlin Behles : September 08, 2017 |

On September 5, 2017, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights reversed a chamber decision and ruled in Bărbulescu v. Romania that monitoring and employee’s electronic communications was a violation of Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life, the home and correspondence) of the European Convention on Human Rights. The applicant had been fired from a private company in Romania in 2007 after the company informed him that they had monitored the Yahoo Messenger account that he had set up to assist clients and found his personal conversations with his...


| By: Caitlin Behles : August 25, 2017 |

On August 20, 2017, the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) released a special report on attacks in Mirza Olang, Sari Pul Province, Afghanistan, from August 3–5, 2017. According to the press release, the report details UNAMA’s initial findings from its human rights fact-finding attack on Mirza Olang village. The report states that “UNAMA verified allegations that Taliban and local self-proclaimed Islamic State / Daesh fighters killed at least 36 persons, including civilians and person hors de combat, during the attack on Mirza Olang. At least half of the killings took place on...