Trade and Investment

UN Compensation Commission Makes Available $1.2 Billion in Reparations to Kuwait (July 24, 2014)

Author: 
Stephen J. Waters

On July 24, 2014, the United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) made $1.19 billion available to the Government of Kuwait as part of the $14.7 billion it previo

World Trade Organization Finds United States Violated Global Trade Rules by Imposing Countervailing Duties on Chinese and Indian Products (July 14, 2014)

Author: 
Emily MacKenzie

On July 14, 2014, the World Trade Organization (WTO) issued two panel reports in the cases United States – Countervailing Measures o

UNCITRAL Approves Draft Convention on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration (July 10, 2014)

Author: 
Nicole R. Tuttle

On July 10, 2014, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) approved the dr

The Concept of Market Contestability and New Agenda of the Multilateral Trading System

The successful completion of the Uruguay Round of international trade negotiations in 1994 and the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on January 1, 1995 marks an unprecedented expansion of the international law relating to international trade. The rules of international economic law now extend into many new substantive areas, such as services, intellectual property, and investment. In addition, the revamped binding international dispute resolution process administered by the WTO will create a lively new jurisprudence in this field.
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Author: 
Thomas J. Schoenbaum
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Helms-Burton, the U.S., and the WTO

Rarely has a move by the U.S. government to impose its political views on other countries' economies aroused as much anger as has the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act of 1996, widely known as the Helms-Burton Act. President Clinton originally opposed the Act, but signed it into law in March 1996, following the downing by the Cuban Air Force of two light planes flown by members of an anti-Castro organization based in the United States. 
 
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2
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Author: 
John H. Jackson
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China's Accession to the WTO

Before the end of President Clinton's term in office, Congress will debate in earnest China's application to join the World  Trade Organization (WTO). Rhetoric in Congress during President Jiang Zemin's recent state visit tells us this debate may be highly contentious. The recent congressional defeat of the President's request for fast-track authority raised awareness in the international trade community that close attention must be paid to laying groundwork for critical national decisions on trade policy. It is not too early to address the new "China question." 
 
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3
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Author: 
Frederick M. Abbott
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NATO Interdiction of Oil Tankers Bound for Yugoslavia

NATO is preparing to interdict deliveries by sea of refined oil bound for Yugoslavia, as a means of ensuring that NATO's bombing of Serbian oil refineries will not be neutralized by the supply of refined oil from other sources.  France and Italy have raised a question whether such interdiction at sea would violate international law. 
 
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4
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2
Author: 
Frederic L. Kirgis
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Implications of Codex Standards for the Regulation of Genetically Modified Food

The Codex Alimentarius (Codex) is a commission jointly sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Codex adopts standards that may be used by its 162 participating governments to develop national regulations. Codex is currently developing a variety of international standards for the trade of genetically modified food (GMF).(1)
 
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5
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12
Author: 
Judson O. Berkey
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U.S. Supreme Court Knocks Down State Burma Law

In a long-awaited decision confronting the intersection of federalism and foreign relations, the Supreme Court has struck down a Massachusetts law restricting state purchases from companies doing business in Burma. The Court's June 19 ruling in Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council was on narrow, non-constitutional grounds. Although the decision puts similar state and local anti-Burma measures at least temporarily on ice, it is unlikely to emerge as the final word on foreign policymaking by state and local actors.
 
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5
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7
Author: 
Peter J. Spiro
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