Signature Topics - Atrocity Prevention

The UN International Law Commission Progresses Towards a New Global Treaty on Crimes Against Humanity

On July 17, 2014, the United Nations International Law Commission (ILC) voted to move the topic of a new treaty on crimes against humanity to its active agenda and appoint Professor Sean Murphy as Special Rapporteur.[1] Over the past two years, the Rapporteur has made significant progress, and the Commission has now approved ten draft articles—four in summer 2015[2] and six additional articles in August 2016.[3] T

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Volume: 
21
Issue: 
2
Author: 
Leila Nadya Sadat & Kate Falconer
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The Situation of Reparations in the Inter-American Human Rights System: Analysis and Comparative Considerations

On April 17, 2015, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) rendered its resolution in the monitoring of Chile’s implementation of the reparations ordered in García Lucero v. Chile.[1] The IACtHR had ordered Chile to grant Leopoldo Guillermo García Lucero reparations on August 28, 2013.[2] The Court had found Chile responsible for not investigating the torture of García Lucero.

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Volume: 
20
Issue: 
15
Author: 
Juan Pablo Pérez-León-Acevedo
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Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping: Can the General Assembly Unite Against Impunity of Military Peacekeepers?

More than ever, the United Nations relies on armed peacekeeping to promote peace and security. Currently, more than 120 member states contribute about 90,000 troops (peacekeepers) on a voluntary basis to fourteen peacekeeping operations around the globe.[1] Unfortunately, some of these troop contributing countries (TCCs) continue to violate their international obligation to hold their peacekeepers accountable whenever they commit crimes against the local population, whom they are supposed to protect.

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Volume: 
20
Issue: 
13
Author: 
Rembert Boom
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The Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office

On August 3, 2015, the Assembly of Kosovo amended its Constitution[1] and passed the Law on the Specialist Chambers and the Specialist Prosecutor’s Office (the Law).[2] These two judicial institutions were established within the justice system of Kosovo to investigate, prosecute, and try “international crimes committed during and in the aftermath of the conflict in Kosovo, which relate to those reported in the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Report Doc 12462 of Ja

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Volume: 
20
Issue: 
11
Author: 
Robert Muharremi
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The Evolution of “Hibernation” at the International Criminal Court: How the World Misunderstood Prosecutor Bensouda’s Darfur Announcement

On December 12, 2014, International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda appeared before the UN Security Council to report on the situation in Darfur. She indicated that she would “hibernate investigative activities in Darfur,”[1] a statement widely reported as a suspension of the Court’s work, and celebrated by Omar Al-Bashir as a victory against the Court.

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Volume: 
20
Issue: 
10
Author: 
Thomas Weatherall
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Legality of Intervention in Syria in Response to Chemical Weapon Attacks

Introduction

The increasing conviction that the government of Bashar al-Assad in Syria has used chemical weapons in an attack with many civilian casualties raises the question: what military response may the outside world legally take without the authority of the UN Security Council?

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Volume: 
17
Issue: 
21
Author: 
Kenneth Anderson
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The Security Council and the Intervention Brigade: Some Legal Issues

Introduction

On March 28, 2013, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) authorized an Intervention Brigade (the Brigade) - its "first-ever 'offensive' combat force" - to undertake military operations against armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).[1] This Insight describes some of the legal issues that arise from the Brigade's mandate.

The Resolution

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Volume: 
17
Issue: 
15
Author: 
Bruce 'Ossie' Oswald
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Genocide and War Crimes in National Courts: the Conviction of Rios Montt in Guatemala and its Aftermath

Introduction

Topic: 
Volume: 
17
Issue: 
14
Author: 
Naomi Roht-Arriaza
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Organizations of Note: