North America

The WTO Decision on U.S. Cotton Subsidies

On March 3, 2005, the WTO Appellate Body (AB) issued a landmark decision[1] interpreting key WTO provisions on agricultural subsidies and upholding a prior panel ruling finding various US cotton subsidies to be WTO illegal. In September 2004 the panel, in a challenge by Brazil, had ruled that various US agricultural programs constituted illegal subsidies under the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, the Agreement on Agriculture and Article XVI of the GATT 1994.[2]
 
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Volume: 
9
Issue: 
11
Author: 
Eliza Patterson
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Nuclear Bunker-Busters and Article VI of the Non-Proliferation Treaty

The Bush administration's proposed budget for FY 2006 contains appropriation lines for resuming research on the nuclear bunker-buster. This proposal is likely to renew the heated debate within the United States over the role and shape of U.S. nuclear forces. It also raises an important legal issue: does this research cause the United States to run afoul of its disarmament obligations under Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)?
 
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Volume: 
9
Issue: 
7
Author: 
Andrew J. Grotto
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Sealing the Deal: The WTO’s Appellate Body Report in EC – Seal Products

Introduction

On May 22, 2014, the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Appellate Body (AB) issued its report in the EC  Seal Products dispute.[1] The decision arose from complaints by Canada and Norway against a legislative scheme adopted by the European Union (EU) in 2009 to prohibit the importation and marketing of seal products (EU Seal Regime).[2]

Topic: 
Volume: 
18
Issue: 
12
Author: 
Rob Howse, Joanna Langille, and Katie Sykes
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