The recent conflict in Lebanon and Northern Israel, occurring between a state and a non-state armed opposition group on the territory of a state that has not itself taken up arms, raises distinct challenges for interpretation of international law related to armed conflict.
Arms Control and Non-proliferation
On July 4 and 5, 2006, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) test-fired seven unarmed missiles over the Sea of Japan. One of them was a long-range missile, the Taepodong 2, which exploded and fell into the sea before it could complete its test flight. If it had not gone down prematurely it is possible that it would have entered the airspace of Japan.
As has been well documented, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) some time ago lost confidence that Iran's nuclear program is being carried out exclusively for peaceful purposes as required by the Nuclear Nonproliferation
On December 19, 2005, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued its final judgment in the Case Concerning Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda).