Strengthening Atrocity Crime Cases with Digital Evidence: New International Standards on Digital Open Source Investigations


On December 1, 2020, the Human Rights Center at UC Berkeley School of Law and the UN Human Rights Office launched the Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations, an international protocol that articulates professionals standards and guidelines for the identification, collection, preservation, verification, and analysis of digital open source information with an aim toward improving its effective use in international criminal and human rights investigations. 

This panel includes experts in international law, human rights and digital investigations, who will provide an overview of the Berkeley Protocol, its development process, and plans for implementation. Panelists will also spotlight the challenges that lie ahead with regards to the use of digital evidence as technologies, national policies and the international legal framework continue to evolve.

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS: Ambassador Christian Wenaweser, Permanent Representative of Liechtenstein to the United Nations

MODERATOR –DISCUSSANT: Christina Hioureas, Partner, International Litigation & Arbitration and Chair, United Nations Practice Group Foley Hoag LLP


  • Ambassador Stephen Rapp, Former Ambassador-at-Large for Global Criminal Justice (2009-2015); Senior Fellow at US Holocaust Memorial Museum and Oxford University
  • Dr. Alexa Koenig, Executive Director of the Human Rights Center and Lecturer, UC Berkeley School of Law
  • Dr. Beth van Schaack, Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor in Human Rights and Faculty Fellow with the Handa Center for Human Rights and International Justice, Stanford Law School
  • Ms. Francesca Marotta, Chief of Methodology, Education and Training Section (OHCHR)
  • Mr. Mazen Darwish, Syrian journalist and human rights activist, President of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (CMFE)

Date and Location

Wednesday, March 10, 2021 - 1:15pm to 3:00pm