On August 12, 2016, the United Nations Security Council adopted a resolution approving the deployment of an additional 4,000 peacekeepers to the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). The resolution authorized the renewal of UNMISS’s mandate through June 30, 2017, and emphasized the mission’s focus on protection of civilians. According to the press release, the Security Council passed the resolution in response to concerns about fighting in the capital city of Juba, obstruction of UNMISS and other humanitarian actors by the South Sudanese Transitional Government of National Unity, and failure of the warring parties to implement a UN-brokered peace agreement. The authorization of an additional 4,000 troops is intended to supplement UNMISS’s existing strength, increasing the total force size to 17,000 peacekeepers. The additional peacekeepers will form a new Regional Protection Force to be based in Juba. The Security Council adopted the resolution by a vote of eleven in favor and none against, with four abstentions. According to reports, while the South Sudanese government initially condemned the resolution, it has since expressed its willingness to engage with the UN over the size, mandate, and composition of the proposed force.