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On December 6, 2016, an International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) tribunal ruled that claims made by Churchill Mining PLC against the Republic of Indonesia should be thrown out as certain documents Churchill used to secure the initial licenses to exploit coal reserves in Indonesia were determined to be forged. The plaintiffs alleged that Indonesia improperly revoked their coal-mining rights in violation of the U.K.-Indonesia bilateral investment treaty, though the tribunal ultimately determined that the claims were “based on documents forged to implement a fraud aimed at obtaining mining rights” and that they were all deemed inadmissible. While unable to definitely identify the source of the forgeries, the tribunal indicated that a local business partner of Churchill was likely the source and that Churchill failed to conduct due diligence in carrying out their investment. Churchill was also ordered to pay costs and arbitration fees of nearly $9.5 million and has noted that it may seek to annul the result.