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On December 20, 2013, the Court of Arbitration constituted in the matter of Indus Waters Kishenganga Arbitration (Pakistan v. India) rendered its Final Award in the dispute between Pakistan and India regarding the Kishenganga Hydro-Electric Project (KHEP) located on the Kishenganga/Neelum River. Pakistan instituted arbitral proceedings against India in 2010, challenging, in particular, the permissibility of the planned diversion by the KHEP of the waters of the Kishenganga/Neelum and the effect that this diversion would have on Pakistan’s own hydro-electric project under construction downstream of the KHEP. The Final Award decided the issue of “minimum flow” that was left unresolved in the Court of Arbitration’s February 2013 Partial Award. According to the press release, with the Final Award, “the Court of Arbitration unanimously decided . . . that India shall release a minimum flow of 9 cumecs into the Kishenganga/Neelum River below the KHEP at all times.” Although the Final Award is binding on the parties without appeal, “the Court also decided that either India or Pakistan may seek reconsideration of this decision through the Permanent Indus Commission and the mechanisms of the Indus Waters Treaty after a period of seven years from the first diversion of water from the Kishenganga/Neelum River.”