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On January 25, 2018, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled in F v. Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal that a state may not order an asylum seeker to be subjected to a psychological test in order to determine his or her sexual orientation. The case concerned a Nigerian national, F, who stated in his asylum application to Hungary that “that he had a well-founded fear of being persecuted in his country of origin on account of his homosexuality,” and was rejected after a state-commissioned psychologist “concluded that it was not possible to confirm F’s assertion relating to his sexual orientation.” As noted in the press release, the Court held that states may commission expert reports in order to determine an asylum seeker’s needs, but that they “must be consistent with the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.” The Court further stated that in determining whether the interference with private life of an individual can be justified by the aim of obtaining information used to assess an asylum seeker’s need for protection, an expert report can only be utilized if it is based on reliable methods, and the reliability of a sexual orientation test has been disputed. The Court also noted that a psychological report on an asylum seeker’s sexual orientation is note necessary and states have other methods of determining the credibility of asylum claims. Because of these reasons, the Court held “that recourse to a psychologist’s expert report for the purpose of assessing the veracity of a claim made by an asylum seeker as to his sexual orientation is not consistent with the Directive [on standards for obtaining refugee status], read in the light of the Charter.”