The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has caused considerable loss of life, bodily injury, and destruction of property and infrastructure in Iraq and Syria since its emergence in 2013. Indeed, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq estimates that between January and August 2014, 8,493 civilians were killed and more than 15,782 civilians were injured by ISIL and its associated groups. In recent months,
International Criminal Law, Corruption, and Law Enforcement
Since 2002, the International Criminal Court (ICC or the Court) in The Hague has aspired to “end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community.” This pursuit has given rise to a contentious issue in two high-profile cases: whether high-ranking accused must be present at trial.