Democracy, Governance, and Rule of Law

The Catalan Referendum on Independence: A Constitutional Conundrum

The consequences of the referendum on independence, held in Catalonia on October 1, 2017, have given rise to a broad debate and are still to be assessed in their entirety. In fact, the vote was just the last of a decade-long series of moves by the Catalan government and parliament, and counter-moves on the Spanish side,[1] putting the Spanish democracy and all of its branches of government under stress as never before in its recent history.

Topic: 
Volume: 
21
Issue: 
16
Author: 
Sabrina Ragone
Image: 

Hybrid Warfare: Aggression and Coercion in the Gray Zone

Hybrid War as Strategy and Policy

The best way to boil a frog, the adage goes, is to turn the heat up slowly enough that the frog doesn’t realize it is being cooked. If the perpetrators hacked the stove’s software, denied their culpability, and bombarded bystanders with fake news before annexing the kitchen, one might have a workable analogy for hybrid warfare.

Topic: 
Volume: 
21
Issue: 
14
Author: 
Douglas Cantwell
Image: 

International Criminal Court Issues Five Sentences in Bemba Case (March 22, 2017)

Author: 
Caitlin Behles

On March 22, 2017, Trial Chamber VII of the International Criminal Court (ICC) delivered its sentencing decision

European Court Rules Actions by Armed Forces During Conflict May be Considered Terrorist Acts Under EU Law (March 14, 2017)

Author: 
Caitlin Behles

On March 14, 2017, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice of the European Union

Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court Rejects Challenge to Robert Mugabe's Presidency (February 8, 2017)

Author: 
Eric A. Heath

On February 8, 2017, the Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe rejected a legal challenge to President Robert Mugabe’s presidency that claimed he had violated the constitution and was unfit for office d

UN Security Council Passes Resolution on the Reunification of Cyprus (January 26, 2017)

Author: 
Eric A. Heath

On January 26, 2017, the United Nations Security Council issued a resolution regarding the efforts