International Law in Brief
Inter-American Court of Human Rights Finds against Ecuador in Pre-Trial Detention Case
By: Justine N. Stefanelli | March 20, 2020 - 12:31pm
On March 29, 2020, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights held Ecuador “internationally responsible” for the violation of the rights of Mr. Ramón Rosendo Carranza Alarcón, who was arrested and held in pre-trial detention for approximately four years. A press release issued by the Court [in Spanish only] explains that the Court specifically held that Mr. Rosendo Carranza Alarcón’s preventive detention was arbitrary and of an unreasonable duration, as well as holding that Ecuador violated the principle of the presumption of innocence and the right to a speedy trial under the Inter-American Convention on Human Rights. Because he was detained without being provided the reasons for his detention and there was no consideration of whether detention was appropriate in his case, the Court stated that his detention effectively amounted to an early sentence, in violation of the presumption of innocence (la prolongación de la privación de libertad hasta el momento en que se dictó la condena fue equivalente a una pena anticipada, contraria a la presunción de Inocencia (para. 90)). Based on its findings, the Court ordered reparations be made to Mr. Rosendo Carranza Alarcón, including payments of non-pecuniary damages and reimbursement of costs. A summary and the full text of the judgment are available in Spanish only.