On October 5, 2021, CoE Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published its conclusions on Russia’s and Latvia’s implementation of ECRI’s recommendations. In its conclusions, ECRI expressed its concern about Russia’s non-implementation of recommendations related to investigating complaints against the police and abolishing the legal ban on the provision of information about homosexuality in minors. ECRI also found insufficient the measures taken in Latvia to address hate crimes. The published conclusions constitute an interim follow-up to the reports of Russia and Latvia which were published in 2019 as part of ECRI’s fifth round of monitoring work. ECRI, through the conclusions that are drafted as per the relevant Governments’ and other sources’ responses, seeks to assist CoE member States in fine-tuning their response to the recommendations made in its country reports.