Directory of Experts by Topic
For biography, click on an individual's name.
Tom J. Farer- University of Denver
Adrien K. Wing- University of Iowa College of Law
Andrew Solomon- BlueLaw International LLP
Chantal Thomas- Cornell University
Joseph H.H. Weiler- New York University School of Law
José E. Alvarez- Columbia Law School
Daniel Bradlow- American University, Washington College of Law
Andrew Guzman- University of California at Berkeley School of Law
Elizabeth Andersen- American Society of International Law
Marcella David- University of Iowa College of Law
Laurence R. Helfer- Duke University School of Law
David Wippman- University of Minnesota Law School
Diane Amann- University of Georgia School of Law
M. Cherif Bassiouni- DePaul University College of Law
Pieter Bekker- McDermott Will & Emery LLP
Leila N. Sadat- Washington University School of Law
Michael P. Scharf- Case Western Reserve University School of Law
David Scheffer- Northwestern University School of Law
Daniel M. Bodansky- University of Georgia School of Law
Jeffrey L. Dunoff- Temple University School of Law
John H. Knox- Wake Forest University School of Law
Orde Kittrie- Arizona State University
Duncan B. Hollis- Temple University's Beasley School of Law
Mark A. Drumbl- Washington and Lee University School of Law
Lucy F. Reed- Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Hong Kong)
David D. Caron- University of California at Berkeley School of Law
Gregory H. Fox- Wayne State University School of Law
Frederic L. Kirgis- Washington and Lee University School of Law
Charlotte Ku- Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, Cambridge University
Kal Raustiala- UCLA School of Law
Anne-Marie Slaughter- Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University
Peter J. Spiro- Temple University's James E. Beasley School of Law
Mary Ellen O'Connell- Notre Dame Law School
Steven R. Ratner- University of Michigan Law School
Ruth Wedgwood- Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
Tomer Broude- Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Steve Charnovitz- George Washington University Law School
Gregory Shaffer- University of Minnesota Law School
Joel P. Trachtman- Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University
José E. Alvarez (UN and International Organizations)
Professor José E. Alvarez is the Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of International Law at New York University Law School. Formerly he was the Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law and Diplomacy and the executive director of the Center on Global Legal Problems at Columbia Law School, a professor of law at the University of Michigan Law School, an associate professor at the George Washington University's National Law Center, and an adjunct professor at Georgetown Law Center. At NYU he teaches courses on international law, foreign investment, and international organizations. He is a past president of the American Society of International Law (ASIL). His lectures on “The Public International Law Regime Governing International Investment” at The Hague Academy of International Law were published as a pocketbook in 2011 (see http://www.brill.nl/public-international-law-regime-governing-international-investment). A collection of essays, which he co-edited with others, “The Evolving International Investment Regime” was also published in 2011 by Oxford University Press.
Prior to entering academia in 1989, Alvarez was an attorney adviser with the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State where he worked on cases before the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, served on the negotiation teams for bilateral investment treaties and the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, and was legal adviser to the administration of justice program in Latin America coordinated by the Agency of International Development. Educated at Harvard College, Harvard Law School, and Oxford University, Professor Alvarez has also been in private practice and was a judicial clerk to the late Hon. Thomas Gibbs Gee of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. He is presently a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the executive council of the ASIL, the board of the Center for Reproductive Rights, the U.S. Department of State’s Advisory Committee on Public International Law, and is special adviser on public international law to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. For a full curriculum vitae, including a full list of prior publications, see: http://its.law.nyu.edu/faculty/profiles/CVFiles/Alvarez%20resume%202009.pdf.
Diane Marie Amann (International Criminal Law, ICC, and Tribunals)
Diane Marie Amann is the Emily and Ernest Woodruff Chair in International Law at the University of Georgia School of Law, where she teaches International Criminal Law, the Laws of War, and Public International Law. Her scholarship focuses on those subjects; in particular, on efforts to combat atrocities and cross-border crimes by holding perpetrators criminally liable in national and international courts. She has lectured on these issues at institutions such as the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and the U.S. Department of State, and at law schools and conferences throughout North America and Europe, and in China and South Africa. In addition to her current post at Georgia Law, Amann has taught law at the University of California-Davis, the University of California-Berkeley, and the University of California-Los Angeles, and has been a visiting scholar at the Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and the Irish Center for Human Rights, National University of Ireland-Galway. A former vice president of the American Society of International Law and the founder of IntLawGrrls blog, Amann frequently is quoted in national and international media.
Elizabeth (Betsy) Andersen (Human Rights)
Elizabeth "Betsy" Andersen is Executive Director and Executive Vice President of the American Society of International Law (www.asil.org), the United States' premier institution for advancing the study and use of international law. ASIL was founded in 1906 by Elihu Root, who served as both Secretary of War and Secretary of State for President Theodore Roosevelt. Ms. Andersen became ASIL Executive Director in October 2006. Prior to that she served as the Executive Director of the American Bar Association's Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (ABA CEELI), and as the Executive Director of Human Rights Watch's Europe and Central Asia Division. Before joining Human Rights Watch, she served as Legal Assistant to Judge Georges Abi-Saab of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and as a law clerk to Judge Kimba M. Wood of the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of New York. Andersen is a graduate of Yale Law School, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and Williams College. Her area of expertise is international humanitarian, human rights, and refugee law.
M. Cherif Bassiouni (International Criminal Law, ICC, and Tribunals)
M. Cherif Bassiouni, Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law serves as president of DePaul's International Human Rights Law Institute, the International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences in Siracusa, Italy, and the International Association of Penal Law in Paris, France. In 1992, he was appointed a member, and later chairman, of the U.N. Commission to Investigate International Humanitarian Law Violations in the former Yugoslavia. From 1995-1998, he was elected vice-chairman of the U.N. General Assembly's Committee for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court and in 1998, he was elected chairman of the Drafting Committee of the U.N. Diplomatic Conference on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. Bassiouni is the author and editor of 54 books and 176 law review articles published in Arabic, English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. He has received numerous honors, including the Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic (1990) and the Italian Republic (1979). Egypt has awarded him the Order of Scientific Merit (1984) and the Order of Military Valor (1956). In 1999, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his lifelong work to establish an International Criminal Court.
Pieter Bekker (International Criminal Law and International Court of Justice)
Pieter Bekker is a member of the Bar of New York. His practice focuses on public international law advice and international arbitration and litigation. He also teaches international investment arbitration as a member of the adjunct faculty of Columbia Law School in New York. He is a member of the Panel of International Arbitrators maintained by the American Arbitration Association?s International Center for Dispute Resolution. He formerly served as a staff lawyer in the Registry of the International Court of Justice in The Hague. He was elected to the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law in 2006, having co-chaired the Society?s Annual Meeting in 2000. He chairs the Committee on Intergovernmental Settlement of Disputes within the American Branch of the International Law Association. A citizen of The Netherlands, he earned basic and doctoral degrees in international law from Leiden University (The Netherlands) and a Masters degree from Harvard Law School, graduating the same year as Barack Obama. The recipient of a Burton Award for Excellence in Legal Writing, he has authored three books (including two commenting on decisions of the International Court of Justice) and over 100 articles in leading journals. He is listed in Who?s Who in Public International Law and The International Who?s Who of Commercial Arbitration. He has been peer-selected as a New York Super Lawyer in the International and ADR categories continuously since 2006.
Daniel M. Bodansky (International Environmental Law)
Internationally recognized for his work on global climate change, Daniel M. Bodansky joined the University of Georgia School of Law as the Emily and Ernest Woodruff Chair in International Law in the fall of 2002. He teaches public international law, international environmental law, and foreign affairs and the Constitution. Prior to joining the University of Georgia faculty, Bodansky had been a faculty member of the University of Washington School of Law since 1989. He served in the US Department of State as the Climate Change Coordinator from 1999 to 2001 and as an attorney-advisor from 1985 to 1989, and has consulted for the United Nations in the areas of climate change and tobacco control. He has taught as an adjunct professor at the George Washington School of Law and Georgetown University Law Center. Bodansky also clerked for Judge Irving Goldberg of the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals. Bodansky's scholarship includes over 25 publications, four book reviews and over 20 papers and presentations. He earned his Juris Doctor from Yale University where he was a member of the Yale Law Journal. He obtained his master's in the history and philosophy of science from Cambridge University in 1981 and his bachelor's magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1979. He is the recipient of a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship, a Pew Faculty Fellowship in International Affairs, and a Jean Monet Fellowship from the European University Institute in Florence. Bodansky currently serves on the board of editors of the American Journal of International Law, and is the U.S.-nominated arbitrator under the Antarctic Environment Protocol. In addition, he is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Society of International Law.
Daniel Bradlow (Foreign Investment and Finance)
Daniel D. Bradlow is SARCHI Professor of International Development Law and African Economic Relations at the University of Pretoria, and Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law in Washington, D.C. and co-coordinator of Global Economic Governance Africa. From 2007-12, he was a member of the Roster of Experts for the Independent Review Mechanism at the African Development Bank (and chair from 2009-12), an expert member of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights Working Group on Extractive Industries, the Environment and Human Rights; Co-Rapporteur, International Law Association Study Group on Responsibility of International Organizations; a member of the Board of Directors of New Rules for Global Finance, the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, the Advisory Boards of the Financial Regulation and Human Rights Project; Law, Social Justice and Global Development Journal; American University International Law Review and Sustainable Development Law and Policy. His recent publications include:
International Financial Institutions and Global Legal Governance, H. Cisse, D. Bradlow and B. Kingsbury (eds) (The World Bank, 2012)
International Financial Institutions and International Law, D. Bradlow and D. Hunter (eds) (Kluwer Press, 2010)
Tomer Broude (WTO, NAFTA and Trade)
LLB and BA (International Relations), Hebrew University of Jerusalem; SJD, University of Toronto) is Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law and Department of International Relations, and Academic Director of the Minerva Center for Human Rights at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has taught international trade law at the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, Georgetown University Law Center, Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, Bocconi University, Gujarat National Law University, and the Duke-Hong Kong University Asia-America Institute in Transnational Law. He is an expert in international economic law, particularly WTO and regional trade law, dispute settlement, investment and development. He is the author of the book International Governance in the WTO: Judicial Boundaries and Political Capitulation (2004), and has co-edited several other books, including The Shifting Allocation of Authority in International Law: Considering Sovereignty, Supremacy and Subsidiary (2008, ed. with Yuval Shany); Multisourced Equivalent Norms in International Law (2010, ed. with Yuval Shany); The Politics of International Economic Law (2011, with Marc L. Busch and Amy Porges) and Law and Development Perspective on International Trade Law (2011, ed. with Won-Mog Choi, Gary Horlick and Y.S. Lee).His articles have appeared in the Vanderbilt Law Review, Journal of World Trade, World Trade Review, Journal of International Economic Law, Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Journal of World Intellectual Property and the Georgetown Immigration Law Journal. He recently completed a two-year term as Co-Chair of the International Economic Law Interest Group of the American Society of International Law. He is one of the founders of the Society of International Economic Law and a member of its Executive Council.
David D. Caron (UN and International Organizations)
David D. Caron is C. William Maxeiner Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California at Berkeley School of Law. Following graduation from Boalt, David Caron served as a legal assistant to Judges Richard Mosk and Charles Brower at the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal in The Hague. He was a senior research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public and International Law from 1985 to 1986. He practiced with the San Francisco firm of Pillsbury Madison & Sutro before joining the Boalt faculty in 1987. Caron was a visiting professor at Cornell Law School (1990) and Hastings College of the Law (1996). He also served as director of studies (1987) and director of research (1995) at the Hague Academy of International Law. He is a past member of the board of editors of the American Journal of International Law and received the 1991 Deak Prize of the American Society of International Law for outstanding scholarship by a younger academic. He presently serves as a member of the precedent panel of the U.N. Compensation Commission for claims arising out of the Gulf War and is also a member of the Department of State Advisory Committee on Public International Law. Caron's recent publications include "The ILC Articles on State Responsibility: The Paradoxical Relationship Between Form and Authority" in the American Journal of International Law (2002); "The United Nations Compensation Commission: Practical Justice, Not Retribution" in the European Journal of International Law (2002); "War and International Adjudication: Reflections on the 1899 Peace Conference" in the American Journal of International Law (2000); International Law and Catastrophes (coedited with Charles Leben, 2001), to which he was also a contributor; and The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal and the Process of International Dispute Resolution (coedited with John Crook, 2000), to which he was also a contributor.
Steve Charnovitz (WTO, NAFTA and Trade)
Steve Charnovitz is Associate Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School. Before joining the law school faculty in 2004, Charnovitz was an attorney at Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP in Washington, D.C. From 1995 to 1999, he was Director of the Global Environment & Trade Study (GETS), which he helped to establish in 1994. From 1991 to 1995, he was Policy Director of the U.S. Competitiveness Policy Council in Washington, D.C. The Council issued four reports to the U.S. Congress and President. From 1987 to 1991, he was a Legislative Assistant to the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Early in his career, he was an analyst at the U.S. Department of Labor where his projects included worker rights in U.S. trade negotiations, trade adjustment assistance, and technical cooperation with Saudi Arabia. Mr. Charnovitz received a Bachelor of Arts and Juris Doctor from Yale University and a Master of Public Policy from Harvard University. A collection of his essays, Trade Law and Global Governance, was recently published by Cameron May. In 2004, he is an Adjunct Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center. He is admitted to the bar in the District of Columbia and New York.
Marcella David (Human Rights)
Marcella David is Professor of Law and International Studies, Special Assistant to the President for Equal Opportunity & Diversity, and Associate Provost for Diversity at the University of Iowa. David joined the law faculty in 1995. From 1991-92, she studied Human Rights and Comparative Law as a Ford Foundation Fellow in Public International Law at the Harvard Law School. In that capacity, she participated in an investigatory mission to Iraq, traveled through South Africa, and researched the impact of economic sanctions in both countries. Her research interests include the use of economic and other sanctions, international criminal law, and questions related to international organizations. In addition to serving as a Ford Foundation Fellow at Harvard, before coming to Iowa David clerked for Judge Louis H. Pollak of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, was a litigation associate at the New York law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, and visited at the University of Chicago School of Law where she taught Contracts and Equal Protection. She has also visited at The University of Pennsylvania. At Iowa, David teaches, among other subjects, Introduction to Public International Law, International Organizations, US Foreign Relations Law, and Human Rights. As a member and past chair of the Governing Board of the Worker Rights Consortium, a non-governmental organization that assists in ensuring that university-logoed goods are manufactured under conditions that respect the rights of workers, she continues to be involved in issues related to transnational labor. Her publications include a chapter on "The US Government and Women" in a multi-volume sourcebook on The International Rights of Women (Transnational Press), and articles published in Harvard International Law Journal, Michigan Journal of International Law and Human Rights Quarterly. She recently served as guest editor to a symposium edition of Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems addressing economic sanctions on Iraq. David is a member of the New York Bar. Her international destinations include Iraq, South Africa, Europe, India, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Australia, Thailand, Cambodia and Cuba.
Mark Drumbl (Terrorism)
Mark A. Drumbl is the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor at Washington & Lee University, School of Law, where he also serves as Director of the University's Transnational Law Institute. Expert in terrorism, war crimes, post-conflict reconstruction, and public international law generally. He has held visiting appointments on the law faculties of Oxford University (University College), Vanderbilt University, University of Ottawa, and Trinity College-Dublin. In 2008, he will serve as Professeur invité at the Université de Paris II (Panthéon-Assas) and as Visiting Professor at the University of Illinois College of Law. His scholarly publications have appeared in many academic journals. His book, Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2007), which has received critical acclaim, rethinks -- in theory and in practice -- how individuals who perpetrate genocide and crimes against humanity should be punished. Drumbl has served as an expert in litigation in the U.S. federal courts, as defense counsel in the Rwandan genocide trials, has consulted with various organizations and has taught international law in Pakistan, Italy, and Brazil. He lectures widely and has been interviewed by a variety of media, including television, radio, and newspapers throughout the United States and abroad. A recent appearance on NPR's All Things Considered is downloadable at: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6161866
Jeffrey L. Dunoff (International Environmental Law)
Jeffrey L. Dunoff is the Laura H. Carnell Professor of Law and Director of the Institute for International Law and Public Policy at Temple Law School. He has written widely on international law, international trade and international environmental issues. Before joining the Temple faculty, he represented developing country governments in international litigations and arbitrations and before the political branches of the U.S. government. Among his other activities, he has served as Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School, a LAPA Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School, a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University, and a Visiting Professor at Princeton University.
Tom J. Farer (Arab/Israeli Conflict)
Tom Farer, former Dean of the Josef Korbel School of International Studies and President of the University of New Mexico, is now University Professor at the University of Denver. He has served as a two-term member and two-term President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States, the first U.S. citizen ever to be elected to head a principal organ of the OAS. In the U.S. Government he has worked in the Departments of State and Defense. At the United Nations he served as legal consultant for the 1993 UN operation in Somalia where decades earlier he had served as legal advisor and law and karate Instructor for the National Police Force. In Africa he also assisted in the drafting of Uganda’s Constitution. He has taught law at Columbia, Rutgers, Tulane, Harvard and American Universities and foreign policy or international relations at Cambridge University, Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School, American University, and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
He is on the editorial boards of the American Journal of International Law and the Human Rights Quarterly, is co-editor of the journal Global Governance, and is on the editorial advisory boards of the Chinese Journal of International Law and The International Spectator. He co-founded the electronic journal Human Rights & Human Welfare. He has published twelve books and monographs including Confronting Global Terrorism and Transnational Crime in the Americas. His articles have appeared in such journals as the New York Review of Books, the London Review of Books, World Politics, International Organization, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The International Spectator, the Harvard and Columbia Law Reviews, and Human Rights Quarterly and he has contributed chapters to many books including the forthcoming Oxford Manual of Diplomacy. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and has been a Fellow of the Carnegie Endowment, the Council on Foreign Relations and the Smithsonian’s Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He is currently writing a book on Latin America and the U.S. in the era of state terrorism.
Gregory H. Fox (UN and International Organizations)
Gregory H. Fox is an Associate Professor of Law at Wayne State University School of Law. Prior to joining the Wayne State faculty, Fox was an Assistant Professor of Law at Chapman Law School in Orange, California. Prior to teaching, Fox worked in the litigation department of Hale & Dorr in Boston and held fellowships at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and Public International Law in Heidelberg, Germany and at the Schell Center for Human Rights at Yale Law School. He is also the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation/Social Science Research Council Fellowship in International Peace and Security. His most recent book, Humanitarian Occupation (Cambridge University Press 2008), concerns the international administration of territory. Also of note is his article "The Occupation of Iraq" (Georgetown International Law Journal 2005). Much of his scholarship has focused on international law's role in promoting democratic transitions, including Democratic Governance and International Law (Cambridge 2000, with Brad Roth). Fox was co-counsel to the State of Eritrea in the Zuqar-Hanish Islands arbitration with Yemen, and he has served as counsel in several international human rights cases in US courts. He is a graduate of Bates College (BA 1982 phi beta kappa, with highest honors) and New York University (JD 1986).
Andrew Guzman (Foreign Investment and Finance)
Andrew Guzman is Professor of Law, Director of the Advanced Law Degree Programs, and Associate Dean for International and Executive Education at Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley. Guzman holds a J.D. and Ph.D. (economics) from Harvard University. He has written extensively on international trade, international regulatory matters, foreign direct investment, and public international law. He is the author of How International Law Works from Oxford University Press and International Trade Law from Wolters Kluwer. Guzman served as editor for the Research Handbook In International Economic Law, published by Edward Elgar Press and Regulation and Competition in the Global Economy: Cooperation, Comity, and Competition Policy, published by Oxford University Press. Guzman is a member of the Board of Editors of several journals including the Journal of International Economic Law and the International Review of Law and Economics. He is also a member of the Academic Council of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration and has served as an international arbitrator.
Laurence R. Helfer (Human Rights)
Laurence R. Helfer is the Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Professor of Law and the co-director of the Center for International and Comparative Law at Duke University School of Law. His research interests include international human rights, and international intellectual property law, treaty design, interdisciplinary analysis of international law and institutions. He is the co-author of Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface (Cambridge University Press 20011) and Human Rights (2d ed. 2009, Foundation Press). Helfer is a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law and the Journal of World Intellectual Property.
Helfer has authored more than fifty publications and lectured widely on his diverse research interests. He is the coauthor of the forthcoming book, Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface, to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2011; the casebook Human Rights (2d ed., Foundation Press, 2009); and the author of “Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Varieties: International Legal Regimes and Policy Options for National Governments,” a monograph published by the UN Food & Agriculture Organization in 2004.
Duncan B. Hollis (Treaties)
Duncan B. Hollis is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and the James E. Beasley Professor of Law at Temple Law School, where he teaches courses on public international law, international environmental law, and treaties. Hollis's scholarship focuses on treaties, examining the status of treaties and treaty-makers from international, comparative and constitutional perspectives. He is the editor of the Oxford Guide to Treaties (2012), which provides a comprehensive introduction to issues of treaty formation, interpretation, application, and exit. Hollis also co-edited and co-authored National Treaty Law & Practice (ASIL & Martinus Nijhoff, 2005), examining how 19 nation states incorporate rules on the formation and implementation of treaties into their national laws. Prior to joining the Temple faculty, Hollis served from 1998 to 2004 in the Office of the Legal Adviser in the U.S. Department of State. During his tenure at the State Department, he worked for several years as the attorney-adviser for treaty affairs, addressing various legal and constitutional issues associated with the negotiation, conclusion and implementation of U.S. treaties. He continues to consult widely on issues of treaty negotiation and interpretation and has made numerous media appearances on these and related issues. Hollis is also a regular contributor to the international law blog, Opinio Juris.
Frederic L. (Rick) Kirgis (UN and International Organizations)
Professor Emeritus, Washington and Lee University School of Law; expert in public international law, international organizations, foreign relations, and past Editor of ASIL Insights. Kirgis has published much on topics of public international law, the United Nations and international organizations, and has taught at law schools all over the United States.
John H. Knox (International Environmental Law)
John Knox is the Henry C. Lauerman professor of international law at Wake Forest University. He teaches and writes about human rights law, international environmental law, international trade law, and their areas of overlap and conflict. In 2012, the UN Human Rights Council appointed him to a three-year term as its first Independent Expert on Human Rights and the Environment. From 2008 to 2011, he assisted the Government of the Maldives in its efforts to convince the United Nations to treat climate change as a threat to human rights. From 1999 to 2005, he chaired an EPA advisory committee on trade and the environment in North America. Before becoming a professor in 1998, he served as an attorney-adviser at the U.S. Department of State. He graduated from Rice University magna cum laude in 1984 and from Stanford Law School with distinction in 1987.
Charlotte Ku (U.S. Foreign Policy and International Law)
Charlotte Ku is the Assistant Dean for Graduate and International Legal Studies at the University of Illinois College of Law. From 1994 through September 2006, she was the Executive Director of the American Society of International Law in Washington, DC. Ku has published in the areas of US foreign policy, public international law, and international organizations and is a frequent commentator on these issues. Her most recent publication is with Paul F. Diehl, The Dynamics of International Law (Cambridge University Press 2010). She is co-editor of Democratic Accountability and the Use of Force in International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2003). She holds a Ph.D. and two master's degrees from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and a B.A. from The American University, Washington, DC.
Mary Ellen O'Connell (Armed Conflict)
Mary Ellen O'Connell holds the Robert and Marion Short Chair in Law and is Research Professor of International Dispute Resolution—Kroc Institute for Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. Her research is in the areas of international law on the use of force and international legal theory. She is the author or editor of numerous books and articles on these subjects, including, Cyber Security Without Cyber War, J. Conflict & Security Law, (2012); What is War? An Investigation in the Wake of 9/11 (Martinus Nijhof/Brill, 2012), Seductive Drones: Learning from a Decade of Lethal Operations, J. of Law, Info., & Sci. (2011), The Power and Purpose of International Law, Insights from the Theory and Practice of Enforcement (Oxford 2008, paperback 2011), The Choice of Law Against Terrorism, J. Nat’l Sec. L. and Policy, and Redefining Sovereignty, The Use of Force after the Cold War (with Bothe and Ronzitti, Transnational 2005).
O’Connell was a vice president of ASIL from 2010-2012; chaired the Use of Force Committee of the International Law Association from 2005 to 2010, and is a member of the German Society of International Law, and the International Institute of Humanitarian Law (San Remo). O’Connell has been a faculty member at Ohio State University, the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies Bologna Center, and Indiana University. From 1995 to 1998, she was a professional military educator for the U.S. Department of Defense in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. Before joining the academy, she practiced law with the Washington, DC, law firm, Covington & Burling.She contributes regularly to the media and has been interviewed by, among others: The BBC, CNN, NPR, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Guardian, The Wall Street Journal, and The Rolling Stone.
Steven R. Ratner (War and Armed Conflict)
Steven R. Ratner is Bruno Simma Collegiate Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School. Prior to joining the Michigan faculty, he was the Albert Sidney Burleson Professor in Law at the University of Texas School of Law. Prior to joining the Texas faculty in 1993, he was an Attorney-Adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. State Department. His research focuses on ethnic conflict, territorial borders, implementation of peace agreements, international humanitarian law, and accountability for human rights violations. He has contributed extensively to The Crimes of War, a handbook for journalists and the public on the law of war, as well as its accompanying web site and has given numerous media interviews, including most recently to Politifact.com, on the law of war. Among his publications are three books: The New UN Peacekeeping: Building Peace in Lands of Conflict After the Cold War (St. Martin's, 1995); Accountability for Human Rights Atrocities in International Law: Beyond the Nuremberg Legacy (Oxford, 1997, 2001, and 2009) (co-author); and International Law: Norms, Actors, Process (Aspen, 2002, 2006, and 2010) (co-author). A member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law from 1998-2008, in 1998-1999 he served as a member of the Secretary-General's three-person Group of Experts for Cambodia, and in 2010-11 on the Secretary-General's three-person Panel of Experts for Sri Lanka. During the 2008-09 academic year, he worked as an in-house legal consultant for for the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva.
Kal Raustiala (U.S. Foreign Policy and International Law)
Kal Raustiala is Professor of Law at UCLA School of Law and Director of the Ronald W. Burkle Center for International Relations at UCLA. He teaches courses in international law and international politics. In addition to UCLA, Raustiala has taught at Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, Brandeis, and the University of Chicago Law School. He was a fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., a Peccei Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems in Vienna, Austria, and a fellow in the Program on Law and Public Affairs at Princeton. He is a member of the American Society of International Law and the Council on Foreign Relations and has served as a consultant on legal matters to the UN Environment Programme, the North American Commission on Environmental Cooperation, and the US government.
In addition to many scholarly publications, Raustiala is a frequent media commentator whose work has been featured in the New York Times, the New Yorker, the New Republic, the Financial Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Boston Globe, and Le Monde.
Lucy Reed (Transnational Litigation and Arbitration)
Lucy F. Reed, partner at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer US LLP, is a specialist in international commercial arbitration, particularly in investment treaty disputes. Reed is the only international arbitration practitioner to be named a "star individual" by Chambers USA (2010). She is Chair of the Institute for Transnational Arbitration and a frequent speaker and writer on international arbitration issues. In addition to sitting as an arbitrator in commercial cases, Reed served on the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission and as co-director of the Claims Resolution Tribunal for Dormant Accounts in Switzerland (the Holocaust tribunal). Reed was the first general counsel of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization and, while with the U.S. State Department, was the U.S. agent to the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal and deputy assistant legal adviser for international claims and investment disputes. In 2001, she lectured on private international law at The Hague Academy of International Law. She received her BA magna cum laude from Brown University and her JD from the University of Chicago Law School (1977), where she was a member of the Law Review. Reed is a past President of the American Society of International Law and chair of its 2010-11 Nominating Committee.
Leila N. Sadat (International Criminal Law, ICC, and Tribunals)
Professor Leila Sadat is the Henry H. Oberschelp Professor of Law at the Washington University School of Law and the Director of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute. She is also the Director of the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative, the first comprehensive effort to elaborate an international convention for the prevention and punishment of crimes against humanity. She is an internationally-recognized authority in international criminal law and human rights and a prolific scholar, publishing in leading journals in the United States and abroad. Trained in both the French and American legal systems, Sadat brings a rare cosmopolitan perspective to her work. She is particularly well-known for her expertise on the International Criminal Court and was a delegate to the U.N. Preparatory Committee and to the 1998 diplomatic conference in Rome at which the Court was established. She has published a series of articles on the Court and an award-winning monograph, "The International Criminal Court and the Transformation of International Law," which was supported by a grant from the U.S. Institute of Peace. She has written extensively on the question of amnesties for atrocity crimes as part of the Princeton Project on Universal Jurisdiction and authored several follow up pieces including Exile, Amnesty and International Law, 81 Notre Dame Law Review 955 (2006). From May 2001 until September 2003, Sadat served on the nine-member U.S. Commission for International Religious Freedom. Sadat is the editor of the forthcoming book Forging a Convention for Crimes Against Humanity (Cambridge, 2011). During the spring of 2011, She will be in residence at the University of Cergy-Pontoise, Paris, as the Fulbright Distinguished Chair, Alexis de Tocqueville.
She currently serves as Secretary of the American Society of Comparative Law, Vice-President of the International Law Association (American Branch) and the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP), and is a member of the American Law Institute. Sadat has also served as a member of the Executive Council, Executive Committee, and Awards Committee for the American Society of International Law.
Michael P. Scharf (International Criminal Law, ICC, and Tribunals)
Michael Scharf is the John Deaver Drinko – Baker & Hostetler Professor of Law and the Associate Dean for Global Legal Studies at Case Western Reserve University School of Law, with supervisory responsibility over all of the law school’s international law centers, institutes, and programs. Scharf serves as producer and host of the radio program, “Talking Foreign Policy,” on WCPN 90.3 FM ideastream (law.case.edu/TalkingForeignPolicy). He is also President of the International Criminal Law Network, Chairman of the High Level Piracy Working Group, and Managing Director of the Public International Law and Policy Group -- a Nobel Peace Prize-nominated NGO. During a sabbatical in 2008, Scharf served as Special Assistant to the Prosecutor of the Cambodia Genocide Tribunal, and in 2004 he helped train the Iraqi judges for the trial of Saddam Hussein. He has also led USAID-sponsored projects related to transitional justice in Uganda and Cote d’Ivoire. During the elder Bush and Clinton Administrations, Scharf served in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State, where he held the positions of Attorney-Adviser for Law Enforcement and Intelligence, Attorney-Adviser for United Nations Affairs, and delegate to the United Nations Human Rights Commission. A graduate of Duke University School of Law (Order of the Coif and High Honors), and judicial clerk to Judge Gerald Bard Tjoflat on the Eleventh Circuit Federal Court of Appeals, Scharf is the author of over seventy scholarly articles and fourteen books, including “The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda” which was awarded the American Society of International Law’s Certificate of Merit for outstanding book in 1999, and “Enemy of the State: The Trial and Execution of Saddam Hussein,” which won the International Association of Penal Law’s book of the year award for 2009 . His latest book is “Shaping Foreign Policy in Times of Crisis: The Role of International Law and the State Department Legal Adviser” (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
David Scheffer (International Criminal Law, ICC, and Tribunals)
David Scheffer is the Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law and Director of the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago, Illinois. He teaches international criminal law and international human rights law. He is the U.N. Secretary-General's Special Expert on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials. He was U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues from 1997 to 2001 and led the U.S. delegation in U.N. talks establishing the International Criminal Court.
During his ambassadorship, Scheffer negotiated and coordinated U.S. support for the establishment and operation of international and hybrid criminal tribunals and U.S. responses to atrocities anywhere in the world. He also headed the Atrocities Prevention Inter-Agency Working Group. During the first term of the Clinton Administration, Scheffer served as senior adviser and counsel to the U.S. Representative to the United Nations, Dr. Madeleine Albright, and served from 1993 through 1996 on the Deputies Committee of the National Security Council. In h
is earlier career, Scheffer was an associate attorney with the international law firm of Coudert Brothers (New York and Singapore offices), an International Affairs Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, a Staff Consultant on the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Senior Vice President of the United Nations Association of the U.S.A. He has published extensively on international legal and political issues and appears regularly in the national and international media. His latest book is "All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals" (Princeton University Press, 2012).
Gregory Shaffer (WTO, NAFTA AND TRADE)
Gregory Shaffer is the Melvin C. Steen Professor of Law at the University of Minnesota Law School and an affiliated professor with the Political Science Department. His publications include When Cooperation Fails: The Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods (OUP, 2009), Transnational Legal Process and State Change (CUP, 2012), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (CUP, 2010), Defending Interests: Public-Private Partnerships in WTO Litigation (Brookings Institution Press, 2003), Transatlantic Governance in the Global Economy (with Mark Pollack, Rowman & Littlefield 2001), and more than 60 articles and book chapters on topics regarding international trade law, transatlantic relations, transnational law and legal process, hard and soft law in global governance, empirical work in international law, and legal realism. He is a recipient of multiple U.S. National Science Foundation Law and Social Science grants, a Fulbright Senior Research Scholarship, a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellowship at the European University Institute, and a Senior Research Fellowship at the International Centre on Trade and Sustainable Development. Earlier Shaffer was the inaugural holder of the Wing Tat Lee Chair of International Law at Loyola Chicago School of Law, a professor at the University of Wisconsin Law School, co-chair of the University's cross-disciplinary Center on World Affairs and the Global Economy, and co-chair of the European Union Center of Excellence. He serves on the ASIL Executive Council, has co-chaired its International Economic Law Interest Group, and was on the founding advisory board of the Society of International Economic Law.
Andrew Solomon (Development, Health, and Foreign Aid)
Andrew Solomon is a Director in the Security and Justice Practice of BlueLawInternational LLP, where he designs and implements programs to strengthen access to justice in post-conflict, conflict-affected, and fragile states. Previously, Solomon was Fellow in the Foreign Policy Program and Deputy Director of the Brookings Institution's Project on Internal Displacement in Washington D.C., where he worked on United Nations (UN) initiatives to strengthen international and domestic responses to displacement resulting from natural disasters and conflict. A specialist in international law, human rights and justice, Solomon has conducted fieldwork and consulted on rule of law and governance projects in more than a dozen countries in Africa, Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. He has worked for the American Society of International Law (ASIL), the Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (CEELI), the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR). Solomon also has extensive international experience in electoral administration, having served as an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) legal analyst in Belarus and observer for elections throughout Europe and Eurasia since the mid-1990s. Solomon sits on the Council of Experts for INPROL, a rule of law project of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), and is a member of the Rule of Law Network of the Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law. (HiiL). He has published chapters, articles, and other submissions in the Harvard Human Rights Journal, International Yearbook of Peace Operations, Journal of Current History, Forced Migration Review, International Herald Tribune, and the Washington Post on international development and justice issues. Solomon is also an Adjunct Professor at the American University's Washington College of Law. His current research involves the development of guiding principles and best practices in development assistance, with a specific focus on international support for justice, police, and corrections system reform around the world.
Anne-Marie Slaughter (U.S. Foreign Policy and International Law)
On January 23, 2009, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the appointment of Anne-Marie Slaughter as the Director of Policy Planning. Slaughter came to the Department of State from Princeton University where she served as Dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Bert G. Kerstetter '66 University Professor of Politics and International Affairs. Prior to becoming Dean, she was the J. Sinclair Armstrong Professor of International, Foreign and Comparative Law and the Director of Graduate and International Legal Studies at Harvard Law School. She also taught at Harvard’s Kennedy School and the University of Chicago Law School. Slaughter is a distinguished writer, commentator, and teacher on a wide range of international affairs issues. Her most recent book, The Idea that Is America: Keeping Faith with Our Values in a Dangerous World, was published by Basic Books in 2007. In 2006 she co-authored the final report of the Princeton Project on National Security, “Forging a World of Liberty under Law,” with Professor John Ikenberry. Slaughter earned an A.B. from Princeton University, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and an M.Phil and D.Phil from Oxford University. Her doctoral dissertation examined “Conceptions of the German Question in West German Domestic Politics, 1975-1985.”
Peter J. Spiro (U.S. Foreign Policy and International Law)
Peter J. Spiro joined the faculty of Temple University's James E. Beasley School of Law in the Fall of 2006 as the inaugural holder of the Charles Weiner Professorship in International Law. He previously served on the faculties of the University of Georgia, where he was Rusk Professor in International Law, and Hofstra University. A former law clerk to Justice David H. Souter, attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser, United States Department of State, and staff member of the National Security Council, Spiro is a leading expert on U.S. debates on international law and participation in international institutions. He is regularly quoted in the New York Times and other major publications, and has also written widely on the implications of globalization for international law. In 1993-94 he was a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, during which he studied the role of nongovernmental actors in international decisionmaking. He was also awarded a 1998-99 Open Society Institute Individual Project Fellowship to undertake an examination of the law of United States citizenship. In 2001, he was a visiting professor at the University of Texas Law School. Spiro has published scholarly articles in a wide variety of law journals, and his work has also appeared in such publications as Foreign Affairs, The Wall Street Journal, and The New Republic. Spiro's book, Beyond Citizenship; American Identity After Globalization, was published by Oxford University Press in 2008. Spiro is a permanent contributor to the international law blog Opinio Juris.
Chantal Thomas (Development, Health, and Foreign Aid)
Chantal Thomas is Professor of Law at Cornell Law School. Prior to joining Cornell, she served on the law faculties of University of Minnesota, and of Fordham University in New York City. Thomas teaches in the areas of International Law and Developing Countries, International Trade Law, Corporations, Contracts, and Law and Globalization. She has served on the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, on the International Trade Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, as an International Trade Specialist with the Africa Law Initiative of the American Bar Association, and on the Board of Directors of the American Foreign Law Association. In 2007-2008 Thomas oversaw major initiatives in the development of legal education in Egypt through her work as Chair of American University in Cairo's Department of Law, on whose Board of Advisors she continues to serve. Thomas focuses her scholarship on the relationship between international law, political economy, and global social justice in a variety of contexts.
Joel P. Trachtman (WTO, NAFTA and Trade)
Joel P. Trachtman is Professor of International Law at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. At The Fletcher School, he is responsible for courses in the field of international economic and business law, including international trade law, international business transactions law, international business regulation law, international financial and fiscal law and legal aspects of international economic integration. From 1998 to 2001, he was Academic Dean of the Fletcher School, and during 2000 and 2001, he served as Dean ad interim. In 2002, he was Manley O. Hudson Visiting Professor of Law and in 2004 he was Nomura Visiting Professor of International Financial Systems at Harvard Law School. Trachtman's research interests are in international trade, international business regulation, international finance regulation and legal aspects of international economic integration, and he is the author of numerous articles in scholarly journals and contributions to books on these topics. He has consulted for the United Nations, the OECD, APEC, the World Bank, the Organization of American States, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the International Law Institute. Prior to joining the faculty of The Fletcher School in 1989, he spent nine years in the private practice of international finance and business law with Shearman & Sterling in New York and Hong Kong. His practice included a wide variety of international and domestic financing, acquisition and commercial transactions.
Ruth Wedgwood (War and Armed Conflict)
Ruth Wedgwood is the Edward B. Burling Professor of International Law and Diplomacy at the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. She was appointed from the faculty of Yale, where she was Professor of Law. At Yale and Johns Hopkins, Dr. Wedgwood has taught the law of armed conflict and war crimes, public international law, international arbitration, United Nations politics and law, constitutional law, evidence, and the law of contracts. Wedgwood currently serves on the Pentagon's Defense Policy Board, the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on International Law, and the Central Intelligence Agency's Historical Review Panel. She is a Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, a director of Freedom House, and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and the American Law Institute. She serves as an independent expert on the United Nations Human Rights Committee in Geneva. Dr. Wedgwood is on the board of editors of the American Journal of International Law (recently chairing a symposium on problems of post-war civil reconstruction). She formerly served as Stockton Professor of International Law at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, R.I., assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York, and Supreme Court law clerk. Wedgwood has commented frequently on National Public Radio, the PBS Lehrer News Hour, the BBC, and other media, and has testified before the Senate on issues of war crimes, Presidential war powers, and the International Criminal Court.
Joseph H.H. Weiler (European Union, NAFTA)
J.H.H. Weiler is University Professor and holder of the Jean Monnet Chair at NYU School of Law. He serves as Chairman of the NYU Global Law School Program and is, too, Director of the Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law & Justice. He is also Professor at the College of Europe, Bruges. Prior to his NYU appointment he was the Manley Hudson Professor of Law and Jean Monnet Chair at Harvard University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a founding editor of the European Journal of International Law and the World Trade Review. He serves, too, as a WTO and NAFTA panelist and has acted as consultant to the Institutions of the European Union. He writes in the fields of International Law, the Law of the European Union, and comparative constitutional law. His recent books include The Constitution of Europe (CUP). www.jeanmonnetprogram.org
Adrien K. Wing (Arab/Israeli Conflict)
Adrien K. Wing is the Bessie Dutton Murray Professor at the University of Iowa College of Law. Additionally, she is the on-site Director for the London Law Consortium semester abroad program and the director of the summer abroad program in Arcachon, France. She served as the Associate Dean for Faculty Development 2006-2009 as well. Prior to joining the College of Law faculty in 1987, Wing spent five years in practice in New York City with Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle and with Rabinowitz, Boudin, Standard, Krinsky & Lieberman, specializing in international law issues regarding Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. Wing presently teaches International Human Rights, and Law in the Muslim World. Author of more than 100 publications, Wing has advised the founding fathers and mothers of three constitutions: South Africa, Palestine, and Rwanda. She has received numerous honors, and held leadership positions in various organizations, including being a Vice President of the American Society of International Law. She is a member of the American Law Institute, Council on Foreign Relations, and admitted to the NY Bar.
David Wippman (Human Rights)
David Wippman began his appointment as the tenth Dean of the University of Minnesota Law School on July 1st, 2008. An accomplished authority in international law, human rights, and ethnic conflict, Prof. Wippman took a year away from Cornell Law School's faculty to serve the Clinton Administration as a Director of the National Security Council's Office of Multilateral and Humanitarian Affairs from 1998-99. During his tenure at the White House, Wippman assisted in the formulation of U.S. policy on war crimes, UN political issues, and economic sanctions. After graduation from Yale Law School he clerked for Hon. Wilfred Feinberg, Chief Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He practiced in Washington, DC, from 1983 until joining Cornell University's faculty in 1992, where he served as Vice Provost for International Relations and Professor of Law.